In order for both simple purple Saintpaulias and chic chimeras to bloom well from year to year, you need to know how to care for violets of different varieties. If you are just starting to grow these adorable indoor flowers, get simple types of violets first - they are not too whimsical. But rare varieties, despite their unusual beauty, are best left for later, when you have already gained experience in growing Saintpaulias, because with the slightest mistakes in care, violets of rare varieties may well lose their beauty.
It is advisable to understand in detail how to care for a flower even before buying - a violet will in any case experience stress when it finds itself in a new environment, but at least you can prepare suitable conditions for it in advance and help the plant to get used to it faster. Young plants, which are six months old, are less painful to change the situation, but it is not recommended to immediately transplant them into a larger pot, at least for a month the flower should be allowed to adapt.
Strips of parchment glued to the window help protect violets from the strong spring sun.
The ideal location for the uzambara violets is the western and eastern windows; when located on the southern windows, the flowers need to be shaded. Saintpaulias love bright light, but the scorching rays of the sun are destructive for delicate plants: first, the leaves begin to turn yellow or become covered with light spots, and then holes appear in the place of the burned areas. To protect violets from the strong spring sun, strips of parchment glued to the window or installed mosquito nets that diffuse the light help. Use curtains to shade the Saintpaulias from the midday sun.
If you plan to grow violet flowers in large quantities, it will be much more convenient to care for them by placing the pots on the racks. In this case, the shelves must be equipped with fluorescent lamps to provide the necessary illumination of the plants. Saintpaulias feel great even under artificial lighting, the main thing is to provide them with 12-hour daylight hours.
Suitable temperature conditions for uzambara violets: + 20 + 22 degrees, but not lower than +16 degrees. At this temperature, the plants bloom willingly and look healthy. With the onset of the July heat, flowering usually ends. Saintpaulias do not like the winter heating season, especially if a central heating battery is located under a narrow window sill with plants - the violet leaves begin to rot from the continuous flow of hot air. Too dry air in the apartment leads to yellowing of the leaves, so in winter it is recommended to put pots with Saintpaulias in pallets with expanded clay, sphagnum moss or other materials that retain moisture well.
Suitable temperature regime for uzambara violets: + 20 + 22 degrees, but not lower than +16 degrees
In frosty weather, it is better to remove the Saintpaulias from the windowsill, otherwise they may freeze if the windows are not plastic. And do not allow drafts in the room where the uzambar violet grows, caring for it from this will be greatly complicated.
You have to learn how to feel your violets well in order to understand when it is time to water them, and when it is worth postponing watering, whether the plants need additional air humidification or regular feeding. That is why some growers are scared off by a violet - caring for and growing it seems too difficult.
Features of watering Saintpaulia:
Do feeding no more than once a month, after making sure that the unhealthy appearance of the violet is due precisely to a lack of nutrients
One of the main difficulties in caring for violets in winter is maintaining optimal humidity in the room. In winter, air humidity inevitably decreases due to heating and artificial lighting, and Saintpaulias are comfortable at a humidity level of at least 60%, so you will need to buy a humidifier or simply spray water regularly around the plant, trying not to get on its velvet leaves.
As for fertilizing, violets tolerate a lack of fertilizers better than their excess, so you should not overfeed them with fertilizers. The special substrate for Saintpaulias already contains all the nutrients the flowers need, but if you want to additionally feed the plants in case of obvious depletion, use special fertilizers in granular or liquid form. During the budding period, choose fertilizers containing more phosphorus; for young outlets, fertilizers with more nitrogen are preferable.
Do feeding no more than once a month, after making sure that the unhealthy appearance of the violet is due precisely to a lack of nutrients, and not to mistakes in care or disease.
When growing saintpaulias, it is necessary to take into account how to properly care for violets of different ages. So, during active growth, a balanced soil is especially important for young rosettes, which should not be too heavy and greasy. Watch the video about caring for violets in the tab to the article, which tells about a suitable soil for these indoor plants and about their transplant.
Faded flowers, old and spoiled leaves should be regularly removed along with the petiole
Good lighting is also important for a young violet - if you notice that the leaves are stretched up, then additional lighting is needed. And in order for the young rosette to form beautiful and symmetrical, do not forget to turn it 45 degrees every three days.
When the laying of buds begins, the violet flower requires special care: it needs not only uniform lighting, but also feeding with a large amount of phosphorus and trace elements. By providing the plant with everything it needs, you will get brighter and larger flowers.
Caring for an adult violet is more aimed at maintaining its aesthetic appearance. You should regularly remove faded flowers, old and spoiled leaves along with the petiole. By removing the bottom row of leaves, you can see the bare trunk. In this case, the violet should be transplanted by deeply deepening the rosette, down to the lower leaves. It is advisable to transplant Saintpaulias once a year, since the soil in the pot depletes over time.
Violet care video
Be sure to regularly look closely at Usambara violets for signs of disease or pests. Diseased plants must be quarantined immediately so as not to infect other flowers, and the necessary measures to combat diseases must be taken.
If you still have questions about how to care for violets, the video in the tab will help you put everything on the shelves, and you will understand that caring for Saintpaulias is not as difficult as it seemed before.
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Violet, or saintpaulia, is a genus of herbaceous flowering indoor plants of the Gesneriaceae family. Her homeland is the East African mountains of Tanzania, where it is always warm and humid. For the modern world, the plant was discovered by Baron Walter von Saint-Paul at the end of the 19th century. Small, constantly blooming Saintpaulias quickly won the hearts of flower lovers. These small plants amaze with the beauty of their flowers and are able to decorate any room.
Growing violets in an apartment is quite simple, even a novice plant lover is unlikely to encounter difficulties when leaving. Many gardeners keep entire collections in their homes, since there are a huge variety of types and varieties of violets. The conditions for keeping any kind of violets are the same, which greatly facilitates the very process of growing and creating compositions from various types of these beautiful flowers.
Despite the fact that you are the owner of only one orchid bush so far, you need to know how to care for it so that it does not die, but pleases you with its flowering for a long time. It should be remembered that if you provide such an epiphyte with proper care, then there will be much fewer problems in the process of growing it.
At the same time, do not forget that problems with such a plant most often arise only from the fact that the grower does not adhere to the rules of caring for it.
Most often, flower growers note that the leaves of such a flower begin to turn yellow. It should be remembered that in each of the plants at a certain time, the leaves change their color to yellow and begin to dry out, which is an absolutely natural process. Examine the bush. In the case when old leaf plates, which are usually located at the very bottom, become yellow, then you should not worry. Thus, the orchid is renewed. Only after the leaf is completely dry, it will need to be carefully removed.
However, in the case when the yellowing touched the young leaves, we can say that the plant is painful. As a rule, it gets sick due to improper watering:
If the orchid is not looked after as it should be, then problems with its root system may well begin. Examine the roots. If they became slimy and became lighter in color or darkened (became dark brown), then this instance was watered incorrectly.
In the event that you think that the plant should receive as much moisture as in the wild during rainstorms, then you should remember a few important facts. The fact is that after the downpour has passed, all the water is absorbed into the soil or flows down from the bark of trees, but does not stay in it for a long time. Therefore, the roots of the orchid absorb as much water as they need. That is, the roots are not constantly in the water. If, in indoor conditions, such an epiphyte is watered "from the heart", then the water will stagnate in the substrate, from which the roots will begin to rot. In the event that you find clear signs that the flower has suffered from abundant watering, then urgent measures must be taken. Experts advise to transplant this flower into a new substrate, while you should carefully examine the root system and cut off all rotten and diseased roots.
Also, do not forget that this tropical plant needs moisture. In this regard, try not to forget regularly, or rather, every morning, spray its foliage from a spray bottle. To do this, it is necessary to use lukewarm water, which must be filtered or defended.
It is not so rare that flower growers note that their "beauty" for some reason does not want to bloom. In most cases, there is such a situation when flowering has already been observed several times, but when the next period of dormancy has ended, the orchid for some reason does not release a peduncle.
Most often, this problem occurs when the flower does not have enough light. As a rule, it is in the winter time that the illumination is rather scarce. At this time of the year, most orchid species have a dormant period, which explains the lack of flowering. Phalaenopsis are recommended to provide supplementary lighting using artificial lighting. In this case, they will continue to bloom further.
Carefully cut off the peduncle after flowering, it will be possible only after it is completely dry. However, if it does not dry out and at the same time has a green or pale brown color, then most likely, after some time, young flower buds will form on it.
What to do when this epiphyte does not want to bloom anymore? Such a plant needs stress. In order for the buds to be laid in room conditions, orchids need a temperature not higher than 10-12 degrees, and at this time it must be watered rather poorly. However, it is by no means possible to drastically lower the air temperature and reduce watering. This should be done gradually. It should be remembered that this plant in such a period needs a difference between night and day temperatures. So, in the daytime you need warmth, while at night it should be 10-12 degrees cooler. The result of this plant maintenance should be the laying of a flower bud.
If you take care of the orchid in this way for 4-6 weeks, then in most cases your efforts will be crowned with success. As a rule, during this time, the budding should have already occurred. In the event that the buds still did not appear, it is necessary to carefully remove the flower from dormancy. This requires a gradual increase in temperature. You need to water the orchid more and more.
In the event that this epiphyte has not bloomed after 6-12 months, then you should not worry too much about this, because a young peduncle can form in about 24 months.
Such flowers are quite resistant to diseases and pests, but problems still happen. Most often, rot appears on the plant. It is formed due to waterlogging of the soil and the plant itself. So, if you violate the watering regime and make it more abundant or frequent, as well as significantly increase the number of sprays, this can lead to rotting of the root system, as well as leaf plates (especially their bases) and bulbs. In this case, the plant is not easy to cure. The affected area must be carefully cut out with a very sharp disinfected knife along with a part of healthy tissue. Then it is necessary to process the cut with a special solution with bactericidal properties, which can be bought quite easily. The substrate and container should be replaced, while the pot, if desired, can be boiled well.
Of the harmful insects, mealybugs and spider mites most often start on the orchid.If there are not enough of them, then you can try to get rid of them with a solution of soap, which you need to wipe the leaf plates 2 times with an interval of 7 days. If the infection is very strong, then you need treatment with Aktar or Fitoverm.
Violets are very popular with a large number of flower growers. These small compact plants amaze with their beauty with their cute flowers that can decorate any room.
If the violets are properly looked after, then they will not cause trouble to their owner.
Flowers are very delicate, fragile and need warmth. It is possible to successfully grow a violet indoors only if it has enough light.
Before you start planting violets, you need to evaluate the quality of lighting in your home.
If you cannot provide the violets with enough light, then it is better not to start growing them. The fact is that how well they will grow and develop is influenced by the illumination.
It should be remembered that the direct rays of the sun can also harm violets, so they should be placed with great care on the window on the south side. In this case, it is recommended to shade them. To do this is quite simple, you need to close the window with a light curtain to the height of the growth of violets.
If you are in the kitchen for a long time, then the pots with these cute flowers can also be transferred to this room. The fact is that a bright kitchen room with high air humidity is perfect for a violet. In addition to the fact that the flowers themselves will be much better in the kitchen, they can also make this room much more comfortable and beautiful.
You can understand that violets do not have enough light by their appearance. Outwardly, they will become faded and sluggish. The leaf plates will begin to stretch upward, and the cuttings will stretch. and.
In winter, when the day is shorter, violets are recommended to arrange additional lighting. For this, fluorescent lamps are used. Daylight hours for such flowers should be approximately 13-14 hours.
In a special store you can buy soil for growing violets.
It is also important to make a good drainage layer of expanded clay at the bottom of the tank. In this case, no liquid stagnation will occur in the root system after watering.
To plant a flower, you need to choose a compact pot. If the violet is planted in a volumetric container, then it will grow for a long time and its flowering will not come very soon.
And too small a pot is also undesirable for this plant, because it will not be able to develop normally.
For young outlets and children, a pot with a diameter of 5-6 centimeters is suitable. An adult violet should be planted in a pot with a diameter of 10 to 12 centimeters.
Watering violets are quite moody.
Violet does not like excessively frequent watering, drafts, and also strong drying out of the earth.
Watering frequency depends on the season. The violet should be watered 1-2 times a week. The water must be soft, always well-separated and at room temperature.
Great care must be taken when watering. If droplets of moisture fall on the leaves or petioles, then rot may begin to develop.
It is best to water the flower through a tray. To do this, you need to pour liquid into it to a height of 2/3 of the height of the pot itself. After 20-30 minutes, you need to pour out the remaining liquid from the pan, otherwise the roots may rot.
Flowers can be shower once every 4–8 weeks for hygienic purposes. After it, you need to remove from the plant all moisture that is not glass itself. To do this, remove all droplets and carefully inspect the growth points of the flowers so that they are dry.
Cuttings - the best breeding method for Saintpaulias. In this case, the cuttings can be immediately planted in the ground, they should quickly and easily take root.
It is necessary to very carefully plant leaves with young roots. The roots are very fragile and easily injured. The planting of the cuttings is carried out in the soil for violets at an angle of 45⁰.
From above it must be covered with a cap, which must be transparent. Before the young leaves appear.
The soil renewal of violets should be carried out once every 2-3 years. To do this, the bush must be freed from the pot and old soil. Rinse under the shower, after removing old and diseased leaves. Then it is planted in an old pot filled with fresh soil.
Top dressing is recommended only during the period of intensive growth, as well as flowering. In autumn and winter, fertilizers do not need to be applied to the soil.
For abundant flowering of violets, potassium and phosphorus are needed, and for the growth of leaf plates, nitrogen is needed. While the plant is young, it is fed more with nitrogen fertilizer, and the adult specimen needs more phosphorus-potassium fertilizer. Do not apply a lot of nitrogen to the pot with an adult violet, as this can cause the lack of flowering.
A violet can get sick in case of improper care. Foliage may turn yellow due to excessively low air humidity or direct sunlight.
With excessive humidity or low temperatures, rot can appear on the roots and leaves, this can cause gray rot.
Also, the violet can be susceptible to powdery mildew infection. And from pests, aphids, nematodes, ticks, thrips can settle on it
The affected leaves must be cut off, and then the violet must be treated.
For the treatment of violets, you can use Agravertin, Fitoverm and Fundazol (depending on the disease).
How to make violets bloom for at least ten months a year? Provide plants with proper care: choosing the optimal temperature and light regime is not enough, you also need to choose the right watering and spraying regime. For watering and spraying, it is better to use water with a temperature several degrees below room temperature. In order for chlorine to leave the water and salts to settle, it is recommended to defend the water for at least a day.
During flowering, you need to spray the violet very carefully so that water does not get on the flowers. Abundant watering should be avoided altogether; it is better to pour water into trays. If the plant does not have a tray, then pour the liquid in a thin stream and in small portions onto the soil near the outlet. Excessive moisture can lead not only to loss of flower buds, root decay, but also fungal diseases. In this case, even cutting off the affected parts will not save the plant from death.
Illiterate and excessive feeding can seriously damage the health of Saintpaulia and its ability to bloom. You can fertilize the plant only once a month, otherwise the leaves may turn yellow and fall off. Excessive use of nitrogen provokes the development of new foliage and stepchildren, which draw life-giving forces from the plant.
Fertilizers should be used moderately and correctly: the content of phosphorus and potassium should be higher than nitrogen.
A flower that has undergone a long and abundant flowering should be fed. Newly transplanted plants should not be fertilized. It is also not recommended to feed violets in winter.
Usually indoor violets are propagated by leaf cuttings. A healthy leaf is broken off with a petiole of at least 3-4 cm, a diagonal cut is made on it and treated with crushed charcoal or activated carbon. For the formation of roots, the cutting is placed in water in a container made of dark glass, and then planted in a moistened substrate to a depth of 2 cm, covered with a transparent film to retain moisture. The optimum temperature for growing new violets is 20-22 ° C. In about 1.5-2 months, the violet baby will be ready for transplantation to a permanent place.
When transplanting an overgrown plant, you can also separate the daughter outlets and plant them separately.
Reproduction of violets by seeds is very troublesome and requires special conditions, therefore it is rarely used at home. In addition, especially ornamental hybrid plants do not retain their properties when propagated by seeds.
Having learned how to grow violets correctly, you can create an incredibly bright flower garden even on the tiniest windowsill.