There absoluta tomato suit it is an insect that arrived in our regions a few years ago, directly from South America. Also note as leaf miner or moth, but commonly known as tomato butterfly, is perhaps, among the parasites and diseases of this plant, the most devastating. Damage to crops caused by absoluta suit they are very serious. Despite this, it is difficult to find information about effective natural remedies around. Precisely for this reason we have decided to share particular biological remedies against tomato disease generated by this little butterfly.
The procedures for fight the absoluta suit in a biological way, we will describe them in this article in detail. Thus, should your cultivation be affected, you will not be forced to turn to multinationals to buy the pesticide. The chemical solution is often passed off as the only solution to the problem, but below we will show you that this is not the case. The remedies we are about to illustrate will keep your crop absolutely organic and healthy from every point of view. And above all they will prevent poisoned foods from reaching your (our) tables.
First, we wonder how this is possible in the case of absoluta tomato suit (but also of other species of insects), than one butterfly which lives quietly in its ecosystem in South America, arrives in the Mediterranean basin and causes damage to our crops and ecosystems, not accustomed to the presence of this insect.
A plausible answer could be: international trade and the bad practice, all Western, of importing fruit and vegetables, which perhaps can be safely grown on our farms. By importing these goods, unwanted guests are also imported, which alter our eco-system. There are also more obscure theses on the subject. But let's put this controversy aside, and just try to figure out how to stem it absoluta suit without using pesticides.
There absoluta tomato suit it's a moth, belonging to the family of gelechids. The butterfly (moth) was already known and known throughout the South American continent, with the exception of the mountainous areas of the Andes. It makes its presence in Europe for the first time in Spain since 2006. It is thought to have arrived in the old continent following trade in tomatoes attacked and infected by the insect. In Italy it makes its first appearance in Calabria, starting from 2008. First, in the greenhouse cultivation of tomatoes, and then later in wildfire, in all the southern regions. Today it is also widespread in the center-north, but, fortunately, the more severe climate in the area has limited its development.
The absoluta tomato suit
As can be seen from the photograph, the absoluta tomato suit it is a small silver-gray butterfly. It affects tomato plants, and its length is 6-7 mm. It has black streaks on its wings and very small antennae.
The female can lay up to 200 eggs per day. It does this on the upper page of the leaves, on both green and ripe fruits and on other parts of the plant. From the eggs the larvae hatch, which at the mature stage reach a length of 7-8 mm.
Larva of tomato absoluta
The young larvae penetrate the leaves, stems and fruits, digging tunnels, hence the name of foliar miners. Within these tunnels they find shelter and complete their development.
Completed development, the larvae of moth cocoon in leaves or underground. Here they give life to a new generation of butterfly.
The life cycle of the absoluta tomato suit it can last from 25 to 75 days, depending on the climate. The female butterfly lives about two weeks longer than the male.
Let's move on to the damage done by the larvae to the tomato plant.
The affected fruits show necrosis on the calyx, or some exit holes on the surface. They also rot inside in the interested part, and therefore are unusable both for sale and for own consumption.
In case of heavy infestations, the crop loss can be as high as 70%. And in some cases, losses of up to 100% of production were recorded. In short, a real scourge, considering that up to 10-12 generations of butterflies can follow each other in a year.
Tomatoes damaged by the absoluta suit
First let's say that for defend our crops from Tuta absoluta you can't just follow one path. Rather, an integrated strategy must be implemented, which first of all starts with the correct cultivation of tomato plants. Here you will find everything you need to know about the correct methods of organic tomato cultivation. Here, however, it seems right to underline some essential points.
First of all, in the winter period it is necessary to work the soil carefully and deeply. This allows a luxuriant development of the tomato, whose roots need a lot of air and space for propagation. Furthermore, by doing so we reduce the number of wintering pupae of the absoluta suit, which would otherwise reproduce easily in spring.
Secondly, excellent mulching and weed control are essential. This not only in the area of cultivation, but also in the surrounding areas. There absoluta tomato suit, in fact, it loves to proliferate in tall grass, especially grass. Here it hides during the day and then reproduces and lays eggs at night.
Also important are the crop rotations and the elimination after the end of the crop of any attacked plants. A good method, cheap and fast, is the fire, where it is allowed by the changes applied to the legislative decree 152 of 3 April 2006.
For burns, always apply all the necessary procedures (and be careful not to do any damage!).
Having made this important premise, let's see specifically what are the techniques of biological defense from tomato absoluta suit (which, among other things, are also the most effective and economical to implement).
One of the characteristics of our infamous butterfly is the ability to absorb and resist the phytotoxicity of pesticides.
Because of this ability, the fight against the absolute suit it is becoming more and more difficult. The only way to stem the spread of the moth is, therefore, mass capture, which can be implemented in three different ways.
Handmade pheromone trap
There pheromone trap it consists in the predisposition of traps with a sexual attraction pheromone in the center. The pheromone attracts the male to the absoluta suit, which remains trapped in it and therefore cannot reproduce.
Traps can be handcrafted. In the photo below we used a plastic bin cut in two, passing a wire through the ends. At the center of the wire we placed the small pheromone.
We poured some water and oil into the bin (you can safely use the waste oil from the kitchen). In doing so, the oil creates a patina on the surface, where the butterfly remains blocked without the possibility of resuming flight. If you want to try your hand at building this trap, the pheromone can be found online at this link.
This trap fulfills a dual function. First of all it acts as a monitoring, to verify or not the presence of the absoluta tomato suit. Furthermore, if positioned with a certain intensity, it can trigger the mass capture of the butterfly.
It is advisable to place the traps at the outer edges of the cultivation field, one trap every 50-75 m2. The pheromone loses its effectiveness after a month, so it will need to be replaced.
If the season lends itself to a lot of rainfall, another type of trap can be made. It is sufficient to use a bucket with a lid (like a paint bucket, so to speak). So just make an opening in the cap, so as not to wet the pheromone or be forced to move it.
There are also ready-made traps on the net. We report one to you at this link, but in all honesty the artisanal solution is preferred in terms of economy.
The second system to implement biological defense against tomato absoluta, is the chromotropic trap. The latter is based on a simple principle: our "beloved" butterflies (as well as many other volatile insects) are attracted to color. In this way it is possible to attract them towards the trap, covered with a special glue. Once placed, the absoluta suit remains attached to it, once again without the possibility of recovery. The color used for the absoluta tomato suit is yellow, but blue ones are also used in organic farming.
A good pack of ready-to-use traps can be found at this link.
Or you can opt for a domestic solution using colored plates and vinavyl glue, but the yield is certainly safer with the professional solution.
The chromotropic traps, which we must say are not only useful for the absoluta suit, but also for other flying pests such as the whitefly or the olive fly, they must be positioned high above the height of the crop, with a variable frequency depending on the size of your garden. One every 5-10 square meters. it is a good solution.
The chromotropic trap can also be completely natural, that is, using very colorful and attractive flowers. An example is the sunflower, which naturally attracts the butterfly and keeps it away from the plants that interest us. Therefore, placing sunflowers outside the field can create a protective barrier for our tomato plants.
The last type of trap we are talking about for the mass capture of absoluta tomato suit, is the electroluminescence one. Much better known as an outdoor electric mosquito trap that you can buy at this link.
This trap, lit at night, inexorably attracts the butterfly, presumably female, by electrocuting her.
A 40 watt lamp can cover a fairly large area, we are talking about 150-200 square meters. One should be more than enough for your home garden. To apply this technique, of course, it is necessary to have simple access to electricity.
The latter technique is purely technical-agronomic. When you are walking around among your plants, make a case for suspicious presences on the leaves, strange and anomalous white spots seem, in which the absoluta suit larvae proliferate.
Typical patches of absoluta suit on an aubergine leaf
If you notice leaves "touched" by the absoluta suit, cut them and eliminate them. In this way you will not bring too much damage to the plant and you will avoid that it is not attacked by some butterfly that escaped the other traps. It doesn't take much, it's a simple cleaning operation.
These four biological defense techniques, if implemented jointly, should guarantee you adequate protection from this fearsome insect. We also emphasize that the greatest damage is caused by the absoluta suit on tomato grown in greenhouses. If the season is hot and humid, however, the insect can proliferate and cause damage even outdoors.
For completeness, we also mention a product widely used in recent years in organic farming, namely: bacillus thuringensis. It is essentially a soil-borne bacterium.
When ingested with contaminated plants, the bacterium sporulates in the host releasing toxins called Bt toxins or more precisely delta-endotoxins (harmless to humans) which damage the digestive tract of Diptera larvae (such as mosquitoes) and cause many Lepidoptera (like the absoluta tomato suit, Editor's note) a paralytic disease.
This bacterium, especially that of the kurstaki variety, is synthesized into a granular powder. In this formula it is sold as a product for the biological control of the larvae of absoluta suit and other dangerous insects (larvae of processionary, of Colorado beetle, etc). All without producing toxicity for humans, so much so that it is now possible to classify the bacillus thuringensis as a biological insecticide.
Now, our ethical problem is not so much linked to the use of the product itself, but rather to the fact that it is produced by pharmaceutical companies, which at the same time produce pesticides that are toxic to humans and the environment.
The question arises as to whether organic farming can also enter the circuit of submission to large multinationals, which we have witnessed for decades in traditional agriculture. In fact, we will not talk about other products of this kind, as the greater diffusion of another of the active ingredients granted in organic farming, Spinosad, is now almost exclusively the responsibility of a well-known multinational.
This sales link that we point out does not refer to a large multinational, but to an Italian company in the sector.
Obviously, also for the use of the bacterium, for the purchase of which there is no need for a certificate of qualification for the use of pesticides, the advice is to follow the instructions on the product label.
And now, good biological fight !!
Organic Cultivation is a blog that was born from our desire to spread the good practices of organic farming. To do this we decided to give our knowledge to anyone who wants to get involved and create their own vegetable garden (even using a terrace or a simple balcony). Growing without the use of pesticides is possible and we want to prove it by presenting alternatives biological and effective for any type of problem linked to agriculture.
Tuta absoluta or tomato moth remedies and insecticides. The absolute tomato suit also called tomato moth, is a parasite that causes direct and indirect damage to tomato plants in open fields and in greenhouses. a relevant phenomenon after June 15 Tomato moth: characters and biological cycle. The tomato moth is a moth, like the yellow noctua, another parasite of tomatoes.The adult of Tuta absoluta has a wingspan of 9-13 mm, lives for a variable period between one and 4 weeks and has crepuscular habits and nocturnal. In the south, the insect spends the winter at any stage of development, finding in the. The absolute tomato suit is an insect that arrived in our regions a few years ago, directly from South America. Also known as a leaf miner or moth, but commonly known as the tomato butterfly, it is perhaps the most devastating among the pests and diseases of this plant.The damage to crops caused by the absoluta suit is very serious Tuta absoluta: Tignola or Fillominatrice of the tomato. The tomato moth (Tuta absoluta, Meyrick), also called tomato phyllominator, is an insect belonging to the taxonomic order of Lepidoptera. It is native to South America and for this reason is called allochthonous. in our territory is its great adaptability to.
Today, the tomato moth attacks every type of tomato cultivation, from those in the open field, to the family garden, to protected crops. Infestations of the absoluta suit have also been reported on other solanaceae such as eggplant, potato and others. Biological cycle of the moth. The moth overwinters in When the first individuals appear, use Decis jeto or in organic Rizobat or bacillus thuringiensis apical rot of the tomato, occurs with high temperatures, the plant slows down the absorption of calcium, and if there is a lack of this element or few irrigations can cause this pathology, the remedy is the addition of calcium or foliar or in fertiirrigazione. ROGOR 400 ST (1 LITER) INSECTICIDE FOR OLIVE AND FRUIT FLY for sale on www.petrolmotor.it where you can find products for agriculture, gardening, fertilizers, fuels and pesticides. The biological active ingredients active against this insect are: Pyrethrum, effective insecticide at the maximum permitted doses and to be used in the later hours of the day (it undergoes strong photo-degradation) Insecticide against tomato moth Biological insecticide for moth larvae - Sleeve S> DETAILS TECHNIQUE - Bioinsecticide based on selective Bt against moth larvae for grapevine, fruit, vegetables, cotton, tobacco, forestry TM Trademark of The Dow Chemical Company (Dow) or branches of Dow 1/4 LASER ™ Spinosad based insecticide CONCENTRATED SUSPENSION Composition.
Tomato, pepper, hot pepper, aubergine, pepper, in the open field and in the greenhouse: a maximum of 2 treatments in the greenhouse and 1 in the open field are allowed. Doses referred to 800-1000 l / ha of water volume. Against Mediterranean nocturnal (Spodoptera littoralis) and Yellow noctua of the tomato The new tomato moth: a fearsome parasite 11 and in about 3 months at temperatures of 15 ° C. In greenhouses it is therefore possible to encounter infestations throughout the year. Tuta absoluta can be confused with two other moths that attack tomatoes and other crops belonging to the Solanaceae family (potato, etc.) Tomatoes are among the most popular vegetables and are often one of the varieties grown both in the garden and on the terrace. . To obtain healthy plants that give quality fruit though. Against Eastern peach moth (Cydia molesta), treat near the harvest and repeat the treatments after 7 days. Doses of 20-30 ml / hl (minimum of 300 ml / ha). Against Green Tortrice and Green-yellow Tortrice (Pandemis spp.), Eulia (Argyrotaenia pulchellana), Cacecia (Archips spp.), Capua (Adoxophyes spp. Tomato moth: how to eliminate it with insecticides. We can also rely on insecticides available on the market and effective for this enemy of the basic vegetables of the Mediterranean diet. We invite you to consult and evaluate the product page on Amazon of this insecticide effective against fruit aphids such as moth
To fight the moth of the tomato a few days ago a Di system was registered for the first time in Italy versus, at the moment not Bacillus thuringiensis and the insecticide. To combat the tomato moth, a Di cons system has been registered for the first time in Italy a few days ago, at the moment that Bacillus thuringiensis and the insecticide are not. The best offers for INSECTICIDE ROGOR 40 L40 MOSCOW MOTH VEGETABLES FRUIT VINE PEACH VERSUS MOSQUITOES are on eBay Compare prices and features of new and used products Many items with free delivery
Tuta absoluta or tomato moth remedies and insecticides The absoluta tomato suit also known as tomato moth, is a parasite that causes direct and indirect damage to tomato plants in open fields and in greenhouses. The moth overwinters in the ground, the adults fly as early as the end of March, but there is a significant phenomenon after June 15. Yellow nocturnal of the tomato (Helicoverpa armigera) The yellow noctua of the tomato is an insect of the Lepidoptera order. It is a species that adapts very well to different types of environment and is able to feed on various plant species in them. For this reason, the yellow noctua does not have a very specific diet and in fact it does not attack only the tomato.
Tomato moth (Bodysuit absoluta) by Daniele18 July 2015. The thing that characterizes this insect is its resistance to common insecticides which are and mycorrhias against fungal diseases, alternated with bacillus thuringiensis. This is the biological method. Practical systemic insecticide to be dosed for its liquid formulation. It acts on the most important plant insects, also protecting the vegetation that develops after treatment.It stands out for its high efficacy against particularly feared pests or those recently introduced in Italy to protect a large number of crops
The tomato moth, better defined Tuta absoluta, is a parasitic insect that damages tomato crops and more. The moth (Tuta absoluta) is a moth (butterfly) of the Gelechidae family. The first reports of its existence come from South America, where it has exterminated entire plantations, with the exception of the Andean regions over 1,000 meters above the level. GREEN PYRETHRUM is a contact insecticide that acts quickly against the parasites of horticultural, fruit and flower crops, such as Aphids, Aleurodidi (Whitefly), Metcalfa, Psille, Cochineals, Moths, Cabbage, Thrips, Tentredini, Asparagus Cryocera, Moscerino del tomato, Colorado potato beetle and eggplant, as well as against the defoliating insects of the vegetation, such as. Baits against noctuas: For the fight against noctuas, in the crops of soy, corn, sugar beet, tobacco, sunflower, asparagus, tomato, eggplant, bean, pea, potato, cabbage, carrot, the product can also be used as bait with bran and 2.5% molasses formulated by distributing 50 Kg / ha of the prepared bait Of vegetable insecticides, a neem seed extract containing azadirachtin, which acts as a contact and systemic insecticide against the tomato moth, shows a good effect. During soil treatment with a composition containing oil, a larval mortality of 50-100% was recorded
Garlic in the form of an infusion or macerate can be of great help against aphids, moths, mites and many other garden pests. They should be used undiluted directly on the plants or in the soil. Tomato moth: it digs first in the leaves, then also in the stem and in the fruits. One way to eradicate it is neem oil. Another possible system is the use of Bacillus thuringiensis, a natural larvicide that is specific against moths and can kill moth larvae. Research results on Pepper against Tomato moth. Biobit DF 20.91 € Organic insecticide, go to product Isonet T (Tuta Absoluta) 70.00 € Sexual confusion for the tomato moth. go to product Oikos 100.00 € Insecticide in emulsifiable concentrate. go to product. The tomato moth - Tuta absoluta. The tomato moth (Tuta absoluta) originally comes from South America and was allegedly introduced with infested fruit in 2006 in Spain and Morocco. In the meantime, the insect has spread to large areas of Europe
Insecticides - professional acaricides for agricultural plants. Browse our catalog of insecticides - acaricides for all crops for sale online on Farmagricola Web. Contact our expert for choosing the right acaricide insecticide for your plants. (tomato, pepper, aubergine) Nocturnal (Spodoptara littoralis, Agrotis segetum, Chysodeixix chalcities), Piralide (Ostrinia nubilalis), Potato moth (Pyhorimaea operculella), Tomato moth (Tuta absoluta), Yellow noctua (Helicoverpa armigera) Mamestra brassicae, Mamestra olerace) 1-2: Floral and ornamental * Nocturnes. 1-2.
This biological insecticide, in consideration of its characteristics, must be distributed before the larvae have entered the berries.It is used with good results against the larvae of the second generation, distributing it twice (the first at 7-9 days and the second at 15- 16 days from the beginning of the increasing phase of the catches) or once only between the 19th and the 13th day from. Insecticide - acaricide. Leaf miners (Lyriomiza spp.). Tomato moth (Tuta absoluta). Larvae of thrips (Western Frankliniella, etc.). Red spider mite (Tetranychus spp., Polyphagotarsonemus latus), Eriofidae (Aculus lycopersici). (Authorized in greenhouses and open fields) 50-100 ml / ha: 3 days: Cyren® 44 EC: Insecticide In voluntary integrated production there are many effective products for the control of the yellow night but, among these, the Nucleopolyhedrosis virus stands out. yellow noctua del pomodoro (HearNPV), an organic insecticide that acts specifically against this Nottuide and which has been marketed in Italy since 2010
G. Siscaro: The case of the tomato moth DECA24 2 Eco-sustainable control strategies Due to its biological characteristics and phytosanitary relevance, together with the strong tendency to develop populations resistant to insecticides, this species is considered a key-pest of the tomato both in full field that in protected cultivation The vegetable garden is prey to dangers that threaten its health. It is therefore important and necessary to always keep our vegetables under control in order to be able to intervene promptly in case of attacks by molds and parasites. Prevention also plays a decisive role, in this sense it is good to adopt crop rotations, choose resistant varieties and carry out the processing e. Also called tomato moth, it causes serious damage to the tomato crop, but is also harmful to potatoes, on the other hand, since not without limitations, the aforementioned biological insecticide Bacillus thuringiensis
Answer: absoluta suit on tomatoes. Dear Monica, the absoluta suit, or tomato moth, is a small insect, native to South America, widespread in Italy only since 2008, it is a very harmful insect, as the small adult butterflies lay many eggs, and larvae affect the leaves, flowers and fruits of the solanaceae, namely tomatoes, aubergines, peppers. AFFIRM is Syngenta's insecticide designed to better control the larvae of moths that infest agricultural crops. Thanks to its translaminarity and excellent speed of action it has become the reference standard against the apple and pear carpocapsa, as well as against cidia and anarsia of stone fruit, moths of the
Bioethology and control of the tomato moth in Campania CRA-CAT, Scafati Naples - Room at 2 cm Acquire the necessary knowledge to develop effective and low environmental impact defense strategies against the tomato moth (Tuta absoluta Meyrick Sequence and date of applications insecticide for the four. Damage from Tuta absoluta on tomato berry. The table tomato is widely cultivated in Italy from North to South with phytosanitary problems that vary in the various areas subject to different climatic conditions. Currently the main pest of the crop is represented by the tomato moth (Tuta absoluta). The larva develops in the leaf plate inside mine ben. TEPPEKI ® is a latest generation insecticide containing the active ingredient Flonicamid, specific against insects with stinging and sucking systems such as aphids and whiteflies. TEPPEKI ® acts by contact and by ingestion in all stages of development of parasites, induc I go to stop feeding and honeydew production, and it is strategic in managing episodes of. Tobacco: against noctuids, aphids, thrips, flea (Epitrix) 0.30-0.50 L / ha. Carry out a maximum of 2 applications at a distance of 14 days. Cotton (for textile use only): against noctuids, borer, moth, leafhopper, thrips, lygus 0.30 L / ha. Carry out a maximum of 2 applications at a distance of 14 days
Specific selective insecticide for pome fruit, stone fruit, walnut, chestnut, almond, wine and table vine, citrus fruit (not in production), potato, corn and sweet corn. IRAC group: ryanodine receptor modulators 28 Diamidi BioBit DF Biological insecticide Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki strain ABTS. Selective towards useful insects and pollinators authorized in Organic Agriculture. Suitable for integrated and biological control programs. Registration: N ° 13061 of 05-06-200 How to fight the olive moth? Whatever it is called, this small butterfly can jeopardize the entire harvest of a season, with really huge economic damage due to danger, it is placed just behind the dreaded olive fly and how it attacks the foliage and fruits of the olive tree, thus compromising it. correct and healthy development
Against Oriental peach moth (Cydia molesta), Anarsia (Anarsia lineatella) and Eulia (Eulia pulchellana): 50 ml / hl (up to a maximum of 750 ml / ha)), 1-2 treatments per generation, placing the first treatment between the beginning of the oviposition and the beginning of the hatching of the eggs, and the second treatment 15-20 days after. Against Oriental peach moth (Cydia molesta), treat near the harvest and repeat the treatments after 7 days. Doses of 20-30 ml / hl (minimum of 300 ml / ha). Against Green and green-yellow Tortrice (Pandemis spp.), Eulia (Argyrotaenia pulchellana), Cacecia (Archips spp.), Capua (Adoxophyes spp.
BACTOSPEINE ® 32 WG INSECTICIDE ORGANIC INSECTICIDE, BASED ON BACILLUS THURINGIENSIS SUBSP. KURSTAKI, ACTIVE AGAINST LEPIDOPTER LARVAE HYDRODISPERSIBLE GRANULES CHARACTERISTICS BACTOSPEINE® 32 WG is selective towards useful insects and pollinators, it is suitable for integrated and biological control programs TOMATO MOTH. The defense against this moth presents many difficulties related to the endophytic life of the larvae which makes it difficult for them to be registered phytosanitary products for this adversity and the chemical companies are evaluating the effectiveness of their insecticides to then ask for their extension. and greenhouse - Nottue (Helicoverpa spp., Heliothis armigera, Plusia spp. and Spodoptera spp.), Moth (Tuta absoluta): 1 L / ha or 100 mL / hL (see method of use) treat at the beginning of the infestation, against larvae in the early stages of development in case of strong pressure from the phytophages, repeat
Linfa roris - insecticide (bifentrin 2%) lymph roris insecticidal composition? bifentrin 2% (= 20 g / l) in concentrated suspension (sc). characteristics? insecticide-acaricide based on bifentrin, a third generation pyrethroid active substance that acts mainly by contact, with a rapid killing effect. stable to light and UV rays, it guarantees an effective and prolonged. PALERMO - Since 2008, the Moth has arrived in Sicily, and it is necessary to act quickly and well to prevent it from doing too much damage to the production of Sicilian tomato Eastern Moth (Grapholita molesta): 4 ml per 5 liters of water (80 ml / hL) . Carry out a maximum of 3 applications per year at a distance of 14 days. Against the green aphid of the almond tree, apply 1 application per year. Against the green aphid and the yellow aphid of the hazel, carry out 1 application per year
The tomato macerate is considered effective in particular against aphids and cabbage, but also against the altica (or earth flea) that affects vegetables such as rocket, the moth of. The tomato grown on the ground or in the soil is widespread practically throughout the peninsula. In particular in the North, soilless cultivation in a long cycle is becoming increasingly widespread, i.e. transplanted in February until the end in November, in different cultural realities: Emilia Romagna, Lombardy, Piedmont, Veneto Decis Evo is the pyrethroid insecticide based on Deltamethrin registered on more than 100 cultures.Thanks to the formulation with low content of solvents and their qualitative improvement, it guarantees a very high safety profile and maximum levels of efficacy in the control of parasites. The emulsion in water provides a greater affinity between active substance, plant tissues and. Biogard knocks out the tomato moth informatoreagrario.it. The table tomato is widely cultivated in Italy by (insecticides based on Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki strain EG 2348), against the larvae of T. absoluta
ALTACOR® is a specific insecticide for the fight against the most common moths (plusia gamma), Helicoverpa armigera (yellow tomato noctua), Leptinotarsa decemlineata (aubergine Colorado beetle), Mamestra brassicae (Plutella xylostella noctua, Chrysodeixis chalcites (Tignola tignola absoluta) tomato), Psila rosae (fly. Viticulture: against moths 0.40-0.60 L / ha, borer, noctuids, leafhoppers, aphids, cigars 0.30-0.50 L / ha. Carry out a maximum of 2 applications at a distance of 14 days. Olive growing: against Saissetia 0.40-0.60 L / ha, moth (Pray Against Eastern peach moth, Anarsia and plum Cidia (Cydia molesta, Anarsia lineatella, Cydia funebrana), treat the hatching of the eggs with doses of 80-120 ml / hl, depending on the level of infestation (minimum of 1200 ml / ha)
Kollant insecticide in trigger pyr ready to use microencapsulated ml. 750 the ready-to-use pyr is an insecticide based on microcapsules of polymeric substances containing chlorpyrifos dispersed in an aqueous medium. the particular formulation gives the product 0.75-1 l / ha of vine moths (Lobesia botrana), using volumes of water of 100-1500 L / ha. VEGETABLES: - Solanaceae (tomato, pepper, eggplant): Tomato moth (Tuta absoluta), Yellow noctua (Helicoverp
Active ingredient: FENITROTHION Mechanism of action: It is an insecticide that acts by contact and ingestion, also endowed with a certain ovicidal activity and possessing a remarkable power of penetration (cytotropic action) in plant tissues. Description: It is suitable for use on Peach, Apricot, Cherry, Plum, Apple, Pear, Strawberry, Vegetables (carrot, onion, artichoke, potato. (tomato, pepper, eggplant) Nocturnal (Spodoptera littoralis, Spodoptera exigua) Tomato moth (Tuta absoluta) Yellow nocturnal (Helicoverpa armigera) Mamestra (Mamestra brassicae, Mamestra olearacea) 0.75-1.5 Using water volumes of 500 -1000 l / ha 1-1.5 Using water volumes of 500-1500 l / ha. Cucurbitaceae Biological insecticide, based on Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. aizawai, active against moth larvae. Water dispersible granules FLORBAC WG Defoliating moths, Tomato moth (Tuta absoluta), Noctuids (Helicoverpa armigera, Spodopter
TOMATO and PEPPER (in protected / greenhouse cultivation): use the product at 60-90 ml / hl with equipment operating at normal volumes (e.g. 800-2000 l / ha) respecting the dose of 750 ml / ha against Nottue (Spodoptera spp ., Helicoverpa spp., Heliothis spp., Ostrinia spp.) And Tuta absoluta Natural remedies and treatments against parasites that attack tomatoes. Diseases, cures and treatments of tomato plants. The cultivation of tomatoes is, among the many vegetables, the most widespread and is practiced not only in the vegetable garden, but almost everywhere even in pots on the balconies, on the terraces or in front of the patio of the Pensavo house, with the precautions I adopt of usual, to have learned to prevent and eliminate food moths and butterflies and to eradicate these unpleasant and periodic infestations of food moths, but I had made a mistake: I had forgotten to put bay leaves or cloves (which I always do) in the glass drawers of the wall unit where I keep the grains In this article I have collected the recipes and methods of use of the main macerates for the biological fight against insects in the garden, but not only, I also talk about the use of Neem, White Oil and Pyrethrum .. Those we will see are biological preparations and if the invasion is not particularly extensive, they are sufficient to eradicate or ward off attacks by aphids and ants. GREEN PYRETHRUM is a contact insecticide that acts quickly against parasites of horticultural, fruit and flower crops, such as Aphids, Aleurodidi (Whitefly), Metcalfa, Psille, Cochineals, Moths, Cabbage, Thrips, Tentredini, Asparagus Cryocera
Moth or tomato worm: natural remedies The first remedy is to prevent the Moth from attacking, therefore prevent. This can be done by avoiding that our plants recall the moth by convincing it to lay its eggs right there or by working the soil to disinfect it both before sowing and transplanting, depending on how we are working Tomato worm. The tomato worm, also known as the corn ear worm and the cotton ear worm, usually first appears as a black hole at the base of the tomato fruit. Once the tomato has been cut, tunnels can be seen through the fruit The tomato noctua, name of the species Heliotis armigera, is an insect of the order of Lepidoptera, like the absoluta suit, belonging to the Noctuids family. The moth is typically a butterfly, in this case with a wingspan of around 35mm. In the adult female the front wings are brown-ocher, with slight green shades, which in the male are darker
The adult insect (the miner is a worm), Tuta Absoluta is a butterfly of about 6-7 mm in length with a wingspan of about 10 mm. The female lays her eggs on the foliage or young shoots. The larvae that are born feed on The Worms THE WORM WITH THE WATERPROOF. These are real pests that hide inside a rolled up leaf and. FLOUR MOTH LARVE. These little creatures are found in their own flour or in other grains and can. THE NEMATODES. These little worms have one size. Answer: tomato butterfly. Dear Francesco, from the symptoms you describe, your tomatoes have been attacked by a common insect that affects tomatoes, called the tomato yellow noctua, Heliothis armigera it is a moth, in layman's terms a night butterfly or moth, whose adults they overwinter nestled in the ground this allows them a quick attack on arrival. Tomato is one of the largest cultivated vegetables, above all because it does not require special soils and can also grow in pots, displayed on a terrace or balcony. This type of vegetable, if cultivated properly, gives a lot of satisfaction, even if it is necessary to constantly observe its growth because it depends on the environmental conditions and the type of tomato. Tomato. The tomato is a species of herbaceous plant (Solanaceae family), widely cultivated for the quality of its fruits. It plays a leading role among vegetables in human nutrition
Tomato attacked by the miner moth. Photo from sardegnaagricoltura.it. Between 2008 and 2009, the tomato moth from Calabria spread in most of the southern regions and in Sicily, only after the infestations of the absoluta suit have reached the north. Currently, the moth is also present in the south-western part of the Marche and, in greenhouses, also in the. . Also known as a leaf miner or moth, but commonly known as the tomato butterfly, it is perhaps the most devastating among the pests and diseases of this plant.The damage to crops caused by the absoluta suit is very serious The tomato is a vegetable that characterizes our Italian cuisine par excellence, as a crop it is the undisputed protagonist of summer gardens, so it is important that the plants grow beautiful and healthy and that they give genuine fruit until the end of their cycle. Unfortunately, as anyone who has tried it knows to cultivate them, despite being very generous plants, they frequently suffer damage from. Worm in tomato sauce, this is the discovery that, unfortunately, a young Neapolitan husband had to witness. The man, married to a woman who was pregnant at the time of the discovery, took a picture of the worm and posted it on Facebook
Tomatoes are common among home grown vegetables, but there are some pests, most often green worms, that gardeners need to know how to deal with. Types of Green Worms. To say that a tomato plant has green worms is a bit ambiguous, because there are actually different types of green worms Download 255 Tomato worm images and stock photos. Fotosearch - All the Photographic Archives of the World - One Internet Site We invite you to resize the photos to the maximum width of 800 x 600 pixels by Regulation BEFORE uploading them to the forum, since now there is also the possibility to upload the thumbnails in case someone who is not able to resize them you are officially warned that IF IMAGES OF SIZE GREATER THAN 800 PIXELS ARE UPLOADED, THE DISCUSSIONS WILL BE CLOSED
http://www.bioaksxter.com/Fusarium, Apical Rot, Suberosa Root and Nematodes are some of the main diseases of the tomato and of the cultivation fashions. Tuta absoluta: Moth or Phyllominator of the tomato. The tomato moth (Tuta absoluta, Meyrick), also called tomato phyllominator, is an insect belonging to the taxonomic order of Lepidoptera. It is native to South America and for this reason is called allochthonous. in our territory is its great adaptability to. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube choose many different varieties, obtaining in all cases a generous and prolonged fruiting. Unfortunately, depending on the climatic trend, this species presents a certain delicacy towards parasites and diseases, which in organic farming is. To prepare the tomato macerate it is necessary to pulp two tomato leaves, add two liters of warm water and leave them to macerate for a few hours. The plants can be watered for up to two or three days
The tomato is now the king of vegetables in Italy: but what are its origins? The history of the tomato hides an unlucky beginning, before becoming what is today one of the most popular products on Italian tables as well as the most cultivated vegetable in the gardens and on the balconies of Italy. Last year here in Sicily prov. Pa we had several damages due to the worm that was in the tomatoes, it happened to me on a thousand plants in the first tomato harvest I had to remove all ripe tomatoes full of worms with gloves I cleaned all the plants, I state that I only treated with sulfur and copper WHAT ARE NEMATODES. Nematodes are small worms that nest in the roots of plants, avoiding their development and proper growth. The plants attacked by these parasites are mainly potatoes, tomatoes, aubergines and tobacco. Nematodes sting and suck the plant tissues which change resulting in the formation of galls, the characteristic symptom of. by Marco Gimmillaro. The tomato moth (Tuta absoluta) is a gelechid microlepidoptera, an important family because there are several harmful species in agriculture, recently introduced in Italy.The first report was made in 2008 in Calabria, but it is from the end of 2008 and the beginning of 2009 that in Sicily the first real reports of important damages are reported.
Items for Gardening, Fishing such as Fishing Rods and Reels. Food for Dogs and Cats. Fireworks. Online sale of articles for Zootechnics. The most effective biological control of these green caterpillars in tomatoes is simply to harvest them by hand. They are larger and easier to detect on the vine. Tomato apical rot is a common pathophysiology in tomato varieties with elongated fruit such as San Marzano and some with round fruit such as Cuore di Bue. It usually begins to develop in the second fortnight of July and manifests itself with the appearance of a circular green spot around the stylar residue, which over time extends and takes on shades that. 58025 - PHEROMONES AGAINST THE ABSOLUTE SUIT OF TOMATO. The adult insect (the miner is a worm), Tuta Absoluta is a butterfly of about 6-7 mm in length with a wingspan of about 10 mm. The female lays her eggs on the foliage or young shoots. The larvae that are born feed on the leaves they gnaw
Download the Pomodoro Worm photo now. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images featuring Tuta absoluta or Tomato Moth remedies and insecticides photos ready for quick and easy download. The absolute tomato suit also called tomato moth, is a parasite that causes direct and indirect damage to tomato plants in open fields and in greenhouses. a significant phenomenon after June 15 Tomato is a vegetable, very versatile in the kitchen, with excellent nutritional and even curative properties.Native to the area of Central and South America, it is now one of the most cultivated vegetables in Italy and king of Italian cuisine . Unfortunately it can be prone to numerous diseases and pests, but most of it can be fought in a natural way, let's see how What kind of worm eats the leaves of tomato plants Off. The tomato hornworm, Manduca quinquemaculata, is the most likely cause of consumption. of tomato leaf. This worm is actually a caterpillar, and is the larval stage of a sphinx moth Tomato disease can manifest itself completely unexpectedly. The number of possible diseases sometimes frightens even the most experienced agrarians. Only one rot can meet several species. Below are the most common putrid diseases of tomatoes, their photos and their treatment
Host plants: Tomato and all cultivated solanaceae (potato, pepper, eggplant) and not. Identification and damage The Tignola del pomodoro (or phyllominator of the tomato) is a microlepidopteran native to South America, the adult is about 5-7 mm long and with a wingspan of 9-11 mm it has filiform and ringed antennae, front wings silvery gray with dark stripes on wings. The cerebellar worm, often called simply worm, is a part of the cerebellum. Notes [edit | edit wikitext] ^ Peter Tompkins, Christopher Bird, The Secret Life of Plants, p. 232, Il Saggiatore, 2009 Copper salts to be carried out at intervals of 15 days from October to March (avoid creating wounds to the plant) Various fungi. citrus fruits. shoots desiccation and / or fruit rot. treatments every 15-30 days from October to March with products based on copper salts or Benomyl, Carbendazim or Tifanate-metil Worm of the tomato. Tomato worms, also called corn and cotton worms, are yellow to gray striped worms, 2 cm long. They dig a tunnel in the fruit and feed on the tomato leaves. The larvae and eggs can be selected by hand to reduce the population
The response of the editorial staff. The apical rot of the tomato (the black tip is noted) is probably due to a set of conditions that lead to a bad or partial absorption of calcium.These conditions can be traced back to irregular irrigations and with high volumes of water, very rainfall. Copious, low availability of calcium in the soil (for example a soil can. Photo about Horn worm on the vine of the tomato plant in Vermont during the early fall. Gardening, closeup, outdoor image - 10341760 Download stock photo Tomato hornworm moth from a large collection of royalty-free images High quality premium hornworm tomato moth stock photos and images Photo about Horn worm on the vine of the tomato plant in Vermont during early fall. Macro image, leaf, green - 10341763 Nematodes are small worms of which there are about 12,000 species that nest in the roots of plants, and avoid their development and consequently the right growth. The plants that are attacked by these parasites are essentially potatoes, the tomato, aubergines and tobacco. In reference to that, here is a guide some tips on how to get rid of these parasites from.
Solid fertilizer for tomatoes. Making a homemade fertilizer for tomatoes, in a solid and long-lasting state, is an operation that does not require much effort. Just equip yourself. Leek worm bleach. Against leek worm, cut the leeks as you usually do to fortify them, then sprinkle them with an apple with 1 glass of bleach for a watering can. Combine the tomato with the leek worm. Spoon the leeks near or rather between the feet of the tomato, the smell of the tomato scares the leek worm Verme insect vèrme in Vocabulary - Treccan. e) s. m. [lat. vĕrmis]. - 1. a. Name of various invertebrate animals characterized by elongated shape, soft consistency, absence of legs from a systematic point of view, organisms comunem. known as worms are included in the main types plate It is also a good thing, know this: it means that you do not use too many herbicides and chemical stuff in general, so the worm is happy and goes to live there. Possible encounters. So today we forever exhaust the tomato sauce question (which we had already learned here anyway) and prepare some pasta with sauce, accompanied by the wonderful Formagella di Tremosine
CASSOLA (VICENZA) - Worm in school risotto: it happened at the San Giovanni Bosco primary school in Cassola. To find out a student who was about to eat organic rice with .. The best offers for Tre Spade: F10209 propeller - worm - spare propeller for BT tomato press are on eBay Compare prices and features of new and used products Many items with free delivery Want order food from La Siesta in Pescara, Italy? Glovo will deliver it directly to your door. Order with Glovo, it's quick and easy The Mopane worm is not actually a worm, but a caterpillar. It is a delicacy in some parts of southern Africa and considered a food bush in others. But everyone agrees, it is highly nutritious and some consider it truly delicious
Salted anchovies and parasite risk Anisakis: the definitive answer (09/05/2013) Once they became aware of the problem of Anisakis, the parasite that is often found in the meat of many local fish (see Link below), many have ask yourself if salted anchovies, typical of Liguria and Sicily, are immune from the problem, since they normally do not suffer from the problem. apple worm, the pine processionary. Insect control is carried out with phytosanitary products called insecticides. fungi: apple scab late blight on tomato insects: aphids on fish
Pests of tomatoes Tomatoes diseases - Pests and diseases - Plant care. The danger of the Colorado beetle. The problems concerning the cultivation of tomatoes are linked to fungal diseases and parasites, including the Colorado beetle, a beetle that can lay up to 2,000 eggs, divided into groups of about 20-25 eggs, orange in color and with an elongated shape. of the. PHOTO - A worm in tomato puree: My pregnant wife risked eating it It must not have been a good feeling that felt by a young couple who then posted everything on their Facebook profile Buy Now Mining Trap of the Tomato Absolute Agricultural Suit Il Pollice Verde - Many items for Fishing, Agriculture and care products of the your garden. Shipping 24 / 48h and free over 100
Pictures and images A tomato worm with wasp eggs. A wasp injected its eggs into this worm. When the eggs hatch into the larvae, the caterpillar will be eaten. . on Depositphotos The photo bank with royalty-free stock photos, high-resolution quality images, vectors and illustrations - 216812 Corn is another no-no and tends to attract tomato worm and / or corn worm. Kohlrabi counteracts the growth of tomatoes, and planting tomatoes and potatoes increases the chance of bacterial potato disease diseases. Fennel should not be planted next to tomatoes, or close to much else in reality.Once the infestation has occurred, the worm in the form of an egg or larva enters the organism and locates itself in the dog's intestines. Here the immature form can become directly adult, and therefore capable of reproducing, or make migrations in the various organs and tissues, carrying out evolutionary processes and only subsequently returning to the enteric tract for maturation Small green worms are eating my leaves of the tomato plant 12/18/2011 by Jacky What the plant is eating is not actually a worm, per se. It is one of the vilest pests of tomato plants: the tomato hornworm
Rebell Amarillo for the monitoring of Diptera Tripetidae such as Cherry Fly (Rhagoletis cerasi), Fruit Fly (Ceratitis capitata), Olive Fly (Bactrocera oleae), Walnut Fly (Rhagoletis complete). Ceutorrhynchus napi, C. quadridens, C. pleurostigma, C. rapae, C. assimilis, C. picitarsis) Tomato moth> trap against the tomato moth ref. 8007 Potato worm, salad worm and transplanted crops (wire worm)> mixed trap for butterflies and flies ref. 8005 Larva of the box borer> mixed trap for butterflies and flies ref. 8005 or universal trap ref. 800 Seeds Tomato S. Marzano nano: Online Wholesale Seeds for Individuals and Companies, Free Shipping Costs and Discount for Members of the Regional Phytosanitary Service Tomato Leaf Miner Tuta absoluta Adult female of Tuta absoluta, visible the eggs she is laying on the leaf plate Tuta absoluta is a cold moth of South American origin recently introduced in Europe, first reported in Italy in 2008. Intestinal worms are a common problem for dogs and can cause a variety of health problems. Even if you are concerned that your dog is infested with parasites, remember that this is a fairly common and easily treatable problem.
The tomato-fish. In the figure here at 75% of the nematode worm DNA, 90% of the mouse and a respectable 30% of the common yeast. Are we perhaps 30% yeast or 90% mice? You see how it actually makes little sense to talk about the tomato gene Tomato can be affected by: aphids, flea beetles, tomato worms, whiteflies, flower wilt. Ideal exposure: Full sun: Cultivation in pots: No: Plant height: 90 cm: Distance between seeds in the row: 35 - 50 cm: Distance between rows: 70 cm: N ° seeds / gram: 350
The apical rot of the tomato The apical rot of the tomato is a very common pathophysiology in all Italian regions. Leggerissima Scissor Ergo Light 21 - Art. 37 THE INSANE DIET OF THE SOLITAIRE WORM: (there is no limit to human madness.) One ingests a tapeworm (the tapeworm) or its eggs so that it sticks to the intestinal walls and feeds on what we eat, absorbing some of the calories and making us lose weight
A worm in the tomato sauce. It is the disconcerting discovery made by a man, who published the photo of the incident on Facebook: I do not know if there are the details for a legal action - the user writes, bewildered - I only know that my wife, pregnant, risked eat it. The manufacturer of this famous puree [characteristics. trap for the tomato miner (Tuta absoluta), whose larvae dig tunnels inside the leaves, stem and ripe fruit causing the formation of mold, rot and loss of product quality.This trap is suitable for monitoring moths adults, uses a synthetic replica of the perfume produced by the female to attract males to the. Apple tree worm. Theory on the secular olive tree. The organic garden The cultivation of an organic garden is within everyone's reach. With the help of some organic tomato treatments The tomato is one of the most important vegetables in the vegetable gardens but it is also threatened by Il Giornalino :. Fennel is a strong and resistant plant: no special precautions will be necessary with regard to adversity, but just a little attention.Among the diseases that most often affect fennel grown in home gardens, there is downy mildew. of a fungal disease, one of the most common, which affects the aerial part of the plant: you can recognize it thanks to.
Remedies: also in this case it will be necessary to destroy the diseased parts and during the time of flight it is good practice to treat the plants with tomato infusion that drives away the butterflies, acting as a repellent. The artichoke vanessa has an unstoppable appetite. It is a large butterfly with reddish wings stained with black and white 2- Sometimes it is enough to wash the leaves of the infested plants with natural remedies. If the problem is the caterpillars, try to follow a simple gardening advice! Watch THE VIDEO >>. 3- There are some plants that manage to keep dangerous insects away: for tomatoes and other vegetables find out which flower you need to plant! Find out why by watching the VIDEO> & gt
There is a new parasite, which comes from industrial tomato crops: it is the leaf miner or tomato moth (Tuta absoluta), a South American moth that arrived in Italy in 2008 and is present throughout the country.
Main host plant is the tomato, but it also strikes other Solanaceae, such as eggplant, pepper, potato, tobacco and petunia in Sicily has been found on kidney bean. Over short distances, the phytophagus expands through active flight or wind.
The biological cycle can last from 25 to 75 days depending on the climatic trend. Each female can lay up to 250 eggs on the underside of the leaves, on the young and tender stems, on the leaf petioles and on the sepals of the small fruits. Hatching takes place within 3-5 days. The young larvae penetrate the leaves, stems or fruit at any stage of the plant's development. They dig tunnels, classic digitiform mines, within which they develop. Once development is complete, the larvae cocoon themselves in the galleries when the plants are still in activity, or underground at the end of the crop cycle, where they overwinter in the form of chrysalis.
The larvae feed on leaves. Progressively the galleries darken and necrotize, definitively compromising the functionality of the leaf, which withers and falls.
Larva of Tuta absoluta on tomato leaf (photo Bayer).
THE fruits, affected both immature and green, and already ripe, have flickering holes, which correspond inside the galleries invaded by excrement, which make the berry unusable.
Prevention is very difficult. In infested areas it is necessary to carry out accurate, deep and repeated tillage of the soil in autumn to respect crop rotations with plants other than Solanaceae and beans Eliminate spontaneous Solanaceae around the garden burn the residues of infested plants.
There defence is based on treatments based on Bacillus thuringiensis or on the launch of auxiliary parasitoid insects of eggs, larvae, chrysalises, or predators such as Nesidiocoris tenuis (predator of eggs and larvae).
T. absoluta was originally described in 1917 by Edward Meyrick as Phthorimaea absoluta, based on individuals collected from Huancayo (Peru). [B 1] Later, the pest was reported as Gnorimoschema absoluta,  Scrobipalpula absoluta (Povolný), or Scrobipalpuloides absoluta (Povolný), but was finally described under the genus Suit as T. absoluta by Povolný in 1994.   [B 1]
The larva feeds voraciously upon tomato plants, producing large galleries in leaves, burrowing in stalks, and consuming apical buds and green and ripe fruits. It is capable of causing a yield loss of 100%.  [B 1] Prefers 30 ° C (86 ° F), requires 14 to 34.6 ° C (57.2 to 94.3 ° F) for full lifecycle. [B 1] Nonetheless cold tolerance does allow for 50% survival of larvae, pupae, and adults, at 0 ° C (32 ° F). [B 1]
Its life-cycle comprises four development stages: egg, larva, pupa and adult combined, 26-75 days. [B 1] Adults usually lay yellow [B 1] eggs on the underside of leaves or stems, and to a lesser extent on fruits. After hatching, young larvae penetrate leaves, aerial fruits (like tomato) or stems, on which they feed and develop. Pupae (length: 5–6 millimeters (13 ⁄64 – 15 ⁄64 in)) are cylindrical in shape and greenish when just formed becoming darker in color as they are near adult emergence. The pest mainly presents nocturnal habits, and adults usually remain hidden during the day, showing greater morning-crepuscular activity with adults dispersing among crops by flying. Among a range of species within the Solanaceae, tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum Miller) appear to be the primary host of T. absoluta.
No evidence of short-day diapause. [B 1] Up to 10 generations per year. [B 1]
Adults are 6–7 millimeters (15 ⁄64 – 9 ⁄32 in) in length and present filiform antennae and silver to gray scales.  Black spots are present on anterior wings, and the females are wider and more voluminous than the males.
The adult moth has a wingspan around 1 centimeter (3 ⁄8 in). In favorable weather conditions eight to ten generations can occur in a single year.
Tomato [B 1] is the main host plant, but T. absoluta also attacks other crop plants of the nightshade family, including potato, [B 1] eggplant, pepino, pepper and tobacco.  It is known from many solanaceous weeds, including Datura stramonium, [ citation needed ] Lycium chilense, [ citation needed ] and Solanum nigrum. [B 1]
Laboratory rearing is abnormally difficult because T. absoluta requires maternal leaf contact with a suitable host plant for oviposition. [B 1]
This moth was first known as a tomato pest in many South American countries (and Easter Island)  and was recognized to threaten cultivation in Europe. However, the EU did not list it as an inspection or quarantine pest, and this likely contributed to what happened next. [B 1] In 2006, it was identified in Spain  [B 1] from a Chilean parental population introduced to Spain in the early 2000s.  [B 1] The following year it was detected in France, Italy, Greece, Malta, Algeria and Libya. Morocco in 2008. [B 1] Starting in 2009, seeing the results of inaction in Europe, the North American Plant Protection Organization, the United States, California, Florida, Canada, and Australia began inspections and preparation for quarantines. [B 1] Also in 2009 it was first reported from Turkey. The advance of T. absoluta continued to the east to reach Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, Iraq and Iran. Further advances southward reached Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman and the rest of the Persian Gulf states. In Africa, T. absoluta moved from Egypt to reach Sudan, South Sudan and Ethiopia from the east and to reach the Senegal from the west. It was reported in Nigeria and Zambia  and South Africa [B 1]  in 2016. An up-to-date global distribution map is available on the Tuta absoluta information network. Reached India and the Himalayans, unconfirmed but possibly also Pakistan and Tajikistan, by 2017.  In India, Maharashtra state tomato cultivation more affect in Nov.2016. Recently, this pest has been identified from several districts of Nepal  It is now severely infested in Myanmar, especially in tropical tomato growing areas such as Mandalay, Sagaing, Monywa. (April, 2017) In the last few years Tuta absoluta has spread to Kenya.   Although it is not there yet, researchers at the University of Guam are concerned about the possible spread of T. absoluta to Guam.  As of 2017 [update] USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service assumed T. absoluta to be present in most of sub-Saharan Africa. [B 1] Present in Cape Verde [B 1] and Turkey. 
There is a high risk of further invasion northward into more of Central America, and into the United States (a certainty, if it reaches as far as Mexico) all suitable areas of sub-Saharan Africa and southern Asia and Australia and New Zealand. [B 1] There is a lower risk of invasion in colder areas like Canada, northern Europe, and most of the Russian Federation. [B 1]
This rapid spread across Mediterranean Europe was due to insufficient coordinated plant protection activity against invasive agricultural pests. [B 1]
In 2014 the People's Republic of China's Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences' Department of Biological Invasions began surveillance and treatment  of their own [B Sup 1] [B Sup 2]  and neighboring countries (including India and Pakistan) that already have the pest. Surveillance occurs in production areas and near international airports. [B 2]
Losses on tomatoes can reach 100% due to larval feeding, if not effectively controlled. Even if not that severe, damage will require postharvest inspection expenditures and some financial loss due to unattractive fruit. The initial European invasion increased tomato production costs by more than 450 € / hectare. [B 1]
Some populations of T. absoluta have developed resistance to organophosphate and pyrethroid pesticides.  Newer compounds such as spinosad,  imidacloprid [ citation needed ], and Bacillus thuringiensis  have demonstrated some efficacy in controlling European outbreaks of this moth. Insecticide costs have increased rapidly, and even that has not always produced good results, due to high quantity application of insecticides that are not especially effective against T. absoluta. As a result new registrations have been obtained specifically for this pest starting in 2009. Between 2009 and 2011 there was a dramatic increase in authorized a.i.s and MoAs in Spain and Tunisia for this reason. 
Experiments have revealed some promising agents of biological pest control for this moth, including Nabis pseudoferus, a species of damsel bug,  Bacillus thuringiensis,   and Beauveria bassiana. 
Relatively natural chemical controls include limonene and borax. 
The sex pheromone for T. absoluta has been identified by researchers at Cornell University and has been found to be highly attractive to male moths.  Pheromone lures are used extensively throughout Europe, South America, North Africa and the Middle East for the monitoring and mass-trapping of T. absoluta. The use of pheromone products in combination with a yellow delta trap has been recorded in South Africa. This concept is used to monitor populations of T. absoluta in tomato orchards. 
The combined use of pheromones as well as specific light frequency proved to be effective in suppressing the T. absoluta population and keeping it within the economic threshold as it disclosed by Russell IPM in a United Kingdom patent. 
Also the use of electric mosquito traps give good results. 
Organophosphate and pyrethroid resistance developed in Chile, then in Brazil and (as noted above) Argentina.  Spinosad resistance was also first noticed in Chile (possibly thanks to a cytochrome P450 and esterases), and then spinosad / spinetoram cross-resistance in Brazil due to two desensitizing mutations at the same target site: G275E, and an exon-skipping mutation and perhaps synergistically with other factors. 
Then came the Spanish detection in 2006. The biotype of this European invasion already carried at least 4 resistance mutations from a Chilean   parental population: 3 in the relevant sodium channel for pyrethroids,  including L1014F  and 1 (A201S) in the enzyme targetted by organophosphates. 
Previously there had been little interest in this subject. Then about six years after the beginning of its invasion of Europe, there was a sharp increase in scientific recognition of - and interest in - resistance in T. absoluta, which only continued to build further year after year.  In Aydın, Turkey in 2015, the T. absoluta population was found to be highly resistant indoxacarb, spinosad, chlorantraniliprole, and metaflumizone, but not azadirachtin - while the Urla, İzmir population was only resistant to azadirachtin, and even then only weakly so.  Many modes of action have fallen in efficacy in South America and Europe, closely in tandem with popularity of use of those MoAs / insecticides: Abamectin, cartap, indoxacarb, chitin biosynthesis inhibitors, spinosad, and the diamides. Only pyrethroid resistance has been confirmed to have declined. Only chlorfenapyr and Bt toxin have remained at low resistance, likely due to low usage. IRAC (the Insecticide Resistance Action Committee) 's efforts to slow resistance development and spread have been effective in Brazil and Spain, by way of widely disseminated information campaigns targeting the agricultural industries in the area. 
It has been hypothesized that the flatness of the Brazilian savannah may be speeding up the spread of resistance alleles. 
Interactions between T. absoluta, Bemisia tabaci, resistance, and Neoleucinodes elegantalis, and natural enemies of these pests remain underexplored. There are substantial gaps in knowledge that will need to be filled in the future. 
The first report of diamide / ryanoid (IRAC group 28) failure was in 2015,   and two years later a related team found this was occurring due to an altered target site due to the mutations G4903E and I4746 M. ( These two mutations are parallels of two mutations found to be producing the same results in Plutella xylostella.) Altered binding affinity was found for the mutations G4903 V and I4746T, and they were found in a few resistant populations. In extreme (heterozygotic for resistant alleles) cases the normal application rate becomes hormetic.  (The use of chlorantraniliprole for T. absoluta has also resulted in resistance in B. tabaci, even though it is not used against that species, merely because they co-occur on tomato. This is expected to make cyantraniliprole unusable if needed on B. tabaci, in the same area.)  
Resistance to indoxacarb (IRAC group 22A) has appeared due to the mutations F1845Y and V1848I, but is not yet reported for another voltage-dependent sodium channel blocker, metafumizone (22B). (These two mutations, as with the diamides above, have P. xylostella analogues, but in this case these analogues are known to be effective against both indoxacarb and metafumizone.) 
Cartap, a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor channel blocker (IRAC group 14), began to show low to moderate efficacy decline in South America starting in 2000, and increasing through at least 2016. Some of this is due to elevated cytochrome P450 activity (see below) possibly as part of demethylation and sulfoxidation detoxification, while less is thought to be due to esterases and glutathione S.-transferases.  (The use of cartap for T. absoluta has also resulted in resistance in B. tabaci, even though it is not used on that species, merely because they co-occur on tomato.)  
. but overall, specific information is still lacking connecting which particular P450s and which particular resistances. 
Steward Tuta absoluta insecticide of tomato
DuPont Steward insecticide it acts by ingestion and contact on the Tuta Absoluta larvae of the tomato and other moths LICENSE
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The adult insect (the miner is a worm), Tuta Absoluta is a butterfly of about 6-7 mm in length with a wingspan of about 10 mm. The female lays her eggs on the foliage or young shoots. The larvae that are born feed on the leaves they gnaw. The fruits have numerous black spots, necrosis and even small holes that end up rotting the fruit on the plant.
Pheromone treatment is a 100% ecological solution to eliminate this harmful insect.
The principle is to imitate the volatile substances emitted by female insects (female pheromone) in order to play a role of recognition and sexual attraction on males. These are attracted and allow themselves to be trapped and eliminated. In this way, mating, reproduction and therefore egg laying are avoided.
The package contains 2 capsules packed in 2 airtight bags. Each capsule acts for 4-6 weeks and covers approximately 4 m2. Pheromone bags can be stored in the cold (up to 3 years in the fridge - up to 5 years in the freezer).
Recommended treatment period:
THE CAPSULES MUST BE INSERTED IN TRAPS 58007 or 58006 TO BE PURCHASED SEPARATELY