From time immemorial, potatoes have been an indispensable crop in our backyard plots. Most gardeners dream of a good harvest, but they study the descriptions and photos of new varieties, mainly foreign selection, forgetting to look at the fact that they have faithfully served people for more than a dozen years, give excellent harvests in the local climate and soil characteristics. Among these are the domestic potatoes of the Lapot variety (it is also called the Siberian bast shoe) - fruitful, large, with excellent taste.
There is little information about how this variety appeared. Well-known breeders did not do it. Many believe that Lapot potatoes were bred by the method of so-called folk selection in the middle of the twentieth century in Russia. The resulting variety was named Laptem for the size and shape of the tubers.
The Lapot variety always pleasantly surprises with its large tubers and yield stability.
Since then, it has long remained one of the most sought-after varieties. True, recently it has been supplanted by new representatives of the potato tribe, mainly of foreign selection.
Laptya's bushes are medium or tall, the inflorescences are white, lush - real bouquets. But most of all we are interested, of course, in tubers, right? They have a flattened, elongated shape, covered with a slightly rough to the touch peel of a light pink hue. With an average level of starch in the tubers, Laptya tastes excellent.
Due to its resistance to severe weather conditions and mid-ripeness, the Lapot variety is still very popular in the Trans-Baikal Territory and other northern regions of Russia.
This potato has a high yield. Usually 400-500 kg of products are obtained from one hundred square meters. You can start harvesting from mid-August, or you can postpone it until September. He is quite democratic in terms of cleaning.
|Very large tubers with good taste.||The variety is considered old, many gardeners replace it with more modern varieties, so it is difficult to get planting material.|
|The variety is frost-resistant, tolerates frost well when shoots appear and cold snaps during growth.||Susceptible to diseases such as late blight, alternaria. The tubers of this variety are very fond of the wireworm.|
|Undemanding to the type and composition of the soil.|
|Due to its good immunity, it is not susceptible to many major diseases and pest attacks.|
Laptya has much more advantages than disadvantages
To get the desired harvest, you will have to work hard, having previously studied the requirements for planting material, place, soil, as well as sowing time.
Potatoes are a crop intended for a vegetable garden, not a garden, so you need to choose a place that is open on all sides, well lit by the sun. The soil should not be too wet, make sure that the groundwater is no closer than 60–70 cm to the soil surface.
It is important to observe the timing of the preparation of seed material. In early April, select quality tubers that are not damaged, without signs of disease and decay. It is better to take those whose weight fluctuates in the range of 30-90 g.
Medium-sized potatoes are usually used as planting material. It doesn't matter if you come across large specimens: you can divide them with a knife into several parts. The main thing is that the eyes are located in the middle of each such part.
Planting sprouted potatoes accelerates the ripening of the crop and increases its quantity
If you plant sprouted tubers, the crop will ripen faster and be larger. You can germinate potatoes in several ways:
For planting Lapot potatoes, it is better to focus not on the time period, but on the soil temperature. You can start planting when the ground warms up to + 6 ... + 8 ° C in mid-latitudes, or + 8 ... + 10 ° C in the northern regions. As a rule, such conditions occur in early May, if April was warm. Under such conditions, the tubers quickly adapt and begin to consume nutrients - in the heated soil they are not threatened with hypothermia.
According to popular beliefs, potatoes are planted when leaves from the buds begin to cut through the birch.
You can plant potatoes in one of two common ways: ridge or ridge. The first will be relevant for regions with frequent and heavy rainfall, the second is applicable in areas with an arid climate.
Experienced gardeners often use the planting option, the distance between the rows in which reaches 70 cm. If it rains frequently in your place of residence, it will be appropriate to increase the row spacing to 90 cm. Place the tubers 30–35 cm apart from each other.
Each hole requires 1-2 handfuls of compost, 1 handful of ash and 1 teaspoon of droppings... Sprinkle the decomposed fertilizer with a thin layer of earth.
Traditionally, tubers are placed in the ground, sprouts up. Experience has shown that the position of the sprouts down does not affect the yield in any way, except that the sprouts are delayed for 7-10 days.
Planting depth is a separate topic that should be discussed in more detail. As a rule, it simultaneously depends on the climate in the region, the method of preparing tubers for sowing and the choice of planting options.
With the ridge method in rainy areas, the roots should be buried 7–8 cm. The same rule applies to loamy soils. For sandy soil and sandy loam, a planting depth of 6 cm is sufficient. Due to its shape, the ridge bed will not allow the tubers to be flooded even by prolonged rains. If the depth turns out to be insufficient, you can bring it to the desired level using hilling..
The planting depth of the tuber depends on the climate and soil composition
If you live in an arid region with light soils, maintain a planting depth of 10–12 cm. On clay soil in the same climate, the depth will be 4–6 cm.
Recently, many gardeners have been trying to master a new method of growing potatoes - under straw. It is based on such a technique as mulching, when the soil is covered with various materials, and the crops themselves are grown on the soil surface, but under the cover of this material (it is very convenient to use ordinary straw for this). As a result, weeding, hilling and loosening are practically not required, and watering is carried out much less frequently.
Do you think your potato hassle is over after planting? It is not that simple. Any culture requires care during growth. And even such an unpretentious variety as Lapot is no exception. Pay attention to a few rules of care that will ensure a high yield.
Potatoes need moisture, especially in arid regions. The irrigation scheme is based on several periods:
If the weather is dry and warm, water it every 4 days, with average temperature and rainfall it is better to water it every 8-10 days.
The best time to water is evening. In the morning, the rapidly gaining strength of the sun can burn the leaves and stems in places where moisture has remained, and on a hot day, the water will quickly evaporate before it reaches the roots. In August, significant drops in temperature at night are possible, so watering should be planned so that the plants dry out before dark. Otherwise, potatoes can get sick with late blight.
It is convenient to irrigate potatoes on extensive plantings using the sprinkler method
Experienced gardeners have calculated that 3 liters is the optimal amount of water for each bush. Light soils will need more of it than heavy soils. On clay soils, which hold moisture longer, but do not allow the roots to breathe, it is better to use the so-called dry irrigation method: immediately after emergence, carefully loosen the soil around the bushes so that the root system does not suffer from a lack of oxygen.
It is very convenient and useful to use mulch on potato beds. In this capacity, you can use any kind of organic matter, for example, rotted sawdust or cut grass. A layer of mulch will keep moisture in the soil after rains and dew falls, keep it cool during hot times of the day, and over time it will crush and become fertilizer itself.
In addition, it is imperative to provide the potatoes with timely feeding, which increases the number and size of tubers.
|Type of feeding||Time and method of application||Composition and proportions|
|Urea (root feeding)||At the beginning of the growth of the bushes, after slightly loosening the soil.||1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water, each plant requires 0.5 liters.|
|Infusion of herbs (root feeding)||In June (the time of active consumption of nitrogen by potatoes), it is better to spend in the evening.||Cover the weeds with water and wait for fermentation. It turns out an infusion of the color of a weak tea leaves.|
|Mineral fertilizers (root feeding)||After light weeding, but before the main hilling.|
|Urea (foliar feeding)||The first time is carried out a couple of weeks after germination. Further - every two weeks until the moment when the potatoes bloom.||100 g of urea, 150 g of potassium monophosphate, 5 g of boric acid per 10 liters of water. For the first spraying, the solution is diluted twice, in subsequent times it is used without dilution. You can add 1 g of soluble preparations of zinc, cobalt, copper and manganese per 10 liters of water.|
|Phosphorus (foliar feeding)||At the end of flowering, one month before harvest.||100 g of superphosphate per 10 liters of water - enough volume for 10 sq. m.|
|Humates (foliar feeding)||When the fourth leaf appears on the seedlings, then after two weeks.||Preparation Humate + 7 (2 g) - per 100 sq. m is consumed 3 liters.|
|Nettle infusion (foliar feeding)||During active growing season, with an interval of 10 days between treatments.||Soak the aerial part of the nettle in water and wait for fermentation. Then dilute the solution with water until the color of a weak tea leaves.|
You can significantly increase the yield of Lapot potatoes if you use mineral and organic fertilizers at the same time.
An excellent top dressing for potatoes can also be marsh duckweed, silt from lakes or swamps. After the potatoes have been fertilized, the soil must be loosened, and the potatoes must be spud.
The tubers of this potato are normally formed without additional watering, but during the formation of buds and an increase in the green mass, the Lapot variety will respond positively to additional moisture.
Now it is very difficult to find seed material for Lapot potatoes, no one does this on purpose... There remains a vegetative way of reproduction. When using it, all the qualities of the mother plant are preserved, but you will have to especially carefully select the planting material, rejecting tubers, even with minor flaws.
Vegetative reproduction preserves the characteristics of the mother plant
|Disease / pest||Signs of defeat||Control and prevention measures|
|Late blight||Dark spots appear on the leaves and stems, after which the plant withers. Spots also appear on the tubers.|
|Alternaria||Leaves are spotted in concentric rings. On the tubers, spots also appear, depressed inward, darker in color than the peel.|
|Colorado beetle||Destroys potato foliage during plant growth, which disrupts the process of photosynthesis and tubers develop worse.|
|Wireworm||Damaged bushes wither quickly, tubers eaten from the inside rot.|
|Medvedka||Gnaws potato stalks, damages tubers.|
We have already said above that it is possible to harvest Lapot potatoes from August to September, that is, the harvest does not have rigidly established boundaries. But with a more or less exact date, it is still worth deciding, because about 2 weeks before harvesting, you need to cut or mow all the potato tops.
Dig up the tubers carefully and free them from the soil. It is better to pour them out into an open area and let them dry for a day. Dry soil itself will crumble from the potatoes, and you will protect the crop from rotting during storage.
Before harvesting for storage, it must be well dried.
Please note that only whole tubers need to be selected for long-term storage. Potatoes damaged by digging should be eaten first. The most convenient way to store potatoes is in canvas bags or wooden vegetable crates. For this, use a basement room with a temperature of + 2… + 4 ° C without constant access to light, which will cause premature germination and softening of the tubers.
After harvesting potatoes, do not leave weeds and tops on the site, especially if you grow potatoes in the same place every year. Scattered plant waste will become a reservation for viral, fungal and bacterial diseases in the new season.
The excellent taste of this potato allows you to prepare many dishes from it, which are always a great success both on the festive table and on weekdays.
The variety of folk selection Lapot is very good in such a national Russian dish as potato shangi.
I want to mention such a potato variety as Lapot, not just big - giant tubers! When they planted for the first time, they did not believe their eyes when harvesting, a few tubers - a full bucket! And this is on soil that has not been fertilized, what will happen if the soil is dung before planting potatoes?
Got a good harvest of potatoes this season. The technologies and methods of cultivation were different, experienced and traditional. Despite the fact that the potatoes on seedlings fell under the spring frost and severe hail, in the future, more favorable weather conditions developed for normal development and harvesting. When planting potato tubers sprouts down on the control bed of Lapot variety, I did not notice any particular effect on the yield increase, germination is 7–10 days longer than usual.I will repeat the experiment in spring with cut off apical buds from the largest potato of another variety.
I do not know if this is the correct breeding name for the variety. But if you tell any summer resident exactly such a name, then he will immediately understand what kind of variety we are talking about. These are flat, oblong tubers, usually large in size. The color of the tubers is pale pink. Since I am of the opinion that several varieties should be grown during the season, the Lapot variety, at least in our Trans-Baikal Territory, should always be present. It may be fashionable to grow Dutch varieties, but this variety does not fail in getting a good harvest almost every year. So this season, with small tubers of the Dutch variety Adretta, I received large tubers of the Lapot variety.
Lapot potatoes have been known to gardeners for a very long time, they have proven themselves well in our cool latitudes, which rarely please with good weather. And although now you can find many varieties with high yields and resistance to harmful influences, Lapot always finds loyal fans. Unpretentiousness, large tubers and a high yield eloquently confirm that this variety is ideal for growing on your site. Ask us in the comments your questions or share your experience in growing Lapot potatoes. Good luck!
Potato Lapot is the fruit of folk selection. Refers to mid-early table varieties. It is successfully grown in all regions of the Russian Federation, including in the north. The variety is drought-resistant, withstands spring frosts and hail, easily suffers various mechanical damage. Ripens quickly (65 - 80 days).
Potato Lapot is also called Siberian Bast shoe - it got its name due to its peculiar shape
Siberia is a region with a sharply continental climate. There are long winters, short summers, frost in spring, heavy rainfall in late summer and early autumn. Not the most favorable conditions for growing potatoes. Nevertheless, it is the most common vegetable among gardeners. They are constantly trying new methods, looking for new varieties and achieving good results.
For cultivation in Siberian conditions, a zoned variety is suitable, with good resistance to adverse weather conditions.
Gardeners are guided primarily by the potato yield indicator.
You need to understand that the maximum yields of these varieties can be achieved only if all technological processes are followed and good care.
For growing potatoes in Siberia, it is very important to get the harvest as early as possible, before the onset of cold weather. Therefore, preference is given to early (80–90 days) and medium early (100–115 days) varieties. Late (120-135 days) are not grown in this region - they will not have time to ripen.
Early varieties are good in that they give a harvest earlier than various potato diseases begin to develop. But their disadvantage is that they are poorly stored, therefore, for long-term storage, you need to choose medium-late varieties. The longer a potato grows, the higher its yield and flavor characteristics.
Some elite potato varieties that stand out against the general background not only in color, but also in their early ripening period (60–75 days) and, which is very important, frost resistance, can be safely attributed to the best ones for growing in Siberia.
Cranberry Red (Cranberry Red) - oval red tubers have a pleasant aroma and delicate taste. Potato pulp - with pink tints, does not change color during heat treatment. The tubers are smooth with almost no eyes. Used in any form. The variety is resistant to cold weather.
Huckleberry Gold (Huckleberry Gold) is distinguished by lilac fruits with a soft creamy pulp. The taste is peculiar. Only suitable for frying and mashed potatoes. Frost-resistant grade.
Huckleberry is an old known super-elite variety of Canadian breeders, also known as Red Cranberry. The dream of many gardeners with dark red smooth fruits that do not change color during heat treatment. Due to its cold resistance, it is grown in Siberia, the Moscow region and the Urals.
These varieties were bred for cultivation in Alaska, so they are perfect for Siberia.
Potato Lapot belongs to high-yielding varieties, besides, it is very unpretentious to growing conditions... The ripening period is extended and is determined by climatic conditions. In the northern regions, the harvest is harvested in September, and in the southern and central regions - during August.
The bushes of these potatoes grow to medium to large sizes. The inflorescences are large, composed of white flowers. The tubers have an elongated flat shape. The peel is light pink, the surface is slightly rough. The pulp is white. The size of tubers can reach 20 cm. Root vegetables are distinguished by their excellent taste due to their low starch content (less than 18%).
The variety is distinguished by its hardiness and good quality root crops.
|Unpretentiousness to soil type||High susceptibility to Alternaria, late blight and wireworm|
|Frost and drought resistant||Planting material for this potato is hard to find.|
|Large size of tubers|
|High taste indicators of root crops|
This variety is especially loved by many owners for the fact that it has good protection against many diseases and pests.
In general, if you monitor your harvest, carry out hilling, digging and fertilizing with minerals, then your plants will not need any additional protection from pests. Read more about how to feed potatoes, when and how to apply fertilizers and how to do it when planting, which ones are the best.
As for pests, the most dangerous and unpleasant of them are the Colorado potato beetle and its larvae, wireworm, bear, potato moth, cicadas, aphids. You can read about each of them, as well as about the control measures on our website.
You can see how you can quickly weed and spud potatoes using a walk-behind tractor in this video:
Aurora is a versatile potato that doesn’t require any supernatural maintenance, but still provides you with a bountiful harvest with wonderful flavors. And thanks to its pleasant appearance, the fruits of this variety are sold faster than many other competitors.
There are many interesting ways to grow potatoes. Read on our website everything about Dutch technologies, about working with early varieties and developing the potato business. About what varieties are loved in Russia and what is grown in other countries of the world. And also about alternative methods: under straw, in bags, in barrels, in boxes, from seeds.
We also bring to your attention other varieties of potatoes with different ripening periods:
|Late ripening||Medium early||Mid late|
|Ivan da Marya||Nevsky||Lorch|
|Rocco||The dark woman||Ryabinushka|
|Slav||Lord of the open spaces||Nevsky|
Experienced gardeners believe that if in wet weather the tops on potato bushes do not dry out, but continue to turn green, then 7-10 days before harvesting it must be mowed.
Do not postpone harvesting potatoes from the garden. This badly affects its keeping quality.
Another advice from experienced gardeners is not to plant potatoes near tomatoes and apple trees. They have common pests.
Important! To increase yields, it is necessary to select potatoes for planting from healthy bushes, in which the tubers were large in size. Small sowing material will not give a high quality crop.
It is recommended to mow the tops 2 weeks before the expected collection of tubers. The wilting leaves will be a sign of the beginning of the event. This technique will allow the tubers to form faster.
Sort the dug out potatoes and let them dry, first in the sun, then under cover.
The Vegu variety can be stored for storage after bulkhead and storage preparation. Set aside spoiled, damaged specimens for priority consumption. Seed potatoes should be stored separately.